A Proud Capitol Despite Looming Abolishment

Richard Green

The Atoka Agreement of 1897 and Curtis Act of 1898 were passed to abolish tribal governments and submit the tribal domains to allotments. Despite this, the Chickasaws built a magnificent capitol in Tishomingo, even though they knew that in eight years, their government may be terminated. Richard Green speculates that they saw it as a symbol – and a tribute to their people.

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The Curtis Act Failed to End Tribal Governments

Neal McCaleb, Ambassador At-Large, Chickasaw Nation
The amendment brought about allotment of tribal government lands to individual members of the Five Tribes.

Chickasaw Nation Capitol in Tishomingo

Experience Chickasaw History and Culture
Built in 1898, the Chickasaw National Capitol Building is a gothic granite icon in Tishomingo, an early center of Chickasaw life in Indian Territory.

Reestablishing Indian Self-Governance

Neal McCaleb, Ambassador At-Large, Chickasaw Nation
In 1898 tribes were stripped of any right to control their own affairs.

Abolishment Averted: A Drive for Revitalizaton

Richard Green
Before the intent to abolish tribal governments could be acted upon, there were Indian movements pressing for their rights.

Setback of Allotments

Lisa Billy
Lisa Billy saw the allotments that preceded Oklahoma statehood as yet another way of dividing and conquering.

Oklahoma Statehood: U.S. and The Five Tribes

April 28, 1897 in Indian Territory
The Chickasaw and Choctaw became the first of the five tribes to voluntarily agree to abolish tribal government and ownership of land.

Our Capitol in Tishomingo

Dr. Amanda Cobb-Greetham
On November 17, 1898, the new Chickasaw National Capitol was dedicated in Tishomingo, Indian Territory (the future Oklahoma).