Setback of Allotments

Lisa Billy

Lisa Billy says she saw the allotments that preceded Oklahoma statehood as yet another way of dividing and conquering. She says it’s important to learn about the mistake so we don’t repeat it and cites her grandpa as saying “if it doesn’t kill you, it’ll make you stronger.” She appreciates the toughness and work ethic he passed on to her.

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Prelude to Oklahoma Statehood: Census, Allotments

Neal McCaleb
Neal McCaleb shares how his own family was touched by the allotment of tribal lands in the lead up to Oklahoma statehood.

Living on Native Land: My Family's 1906 Allotment

Phillip Carroll Morgan
Dr. Phillip Carroll Morgan reflects on living on his family's original 1905 land allotment.

Allotments After Removal

Lisa Billy
After the Chickasaws arrived in Indian Territory, they had to reestablish their government and get used to a new land.

A Proud Capitol Despite Looming Abolishment

Richard Green
The Atoka Agreement of 1897 and Curtis Act of 1898 were passed to abolish tribal governments and submit the tribal domains to allotments.

With Reservations, Tribes Don't Hold Title

Stephen Greetham
Stephen Greetham serves as attorney for the Chickasaw Nation and works closely with the Choctaws.

Oklahoma Statehood: U.S. and The Five Tribes

April 28, 1897 in Indian Territory
The Chickasaw and Choctaw became the first of the five tribes to voluntarily agree to abolish tribal government and ownership of land.