First Capital in Indian Territory: Tishomingo

Jeannie Barbour

Jeannie Barbour, Creative Development Director of the Department of Chickasaw Nation Communications & Community Development, describes the danger Chickasaws faced as new arrivals in Indian Territory on lands long used by Plains tribes. Chickasaws began to reestablish their lives and government, choosing the town of Tishomingo as their capital.


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Chickasaw Nation Capitol in Tishomingo

Experience Chickasaw History and Culture
Built in 1898, the Chickasaw National Capitol Building is a gothic granite icon in Tishomingo, an early center of Chickasaw life in Indian Territory.

Tishomingo: Our First Capital in Indian Territory

Neal McCaleb
The town of Tishomingo was the original seat of the Chickasaw Nation and the tribe built its capitol there in 1898.

Tribal Government 1906-1960s: Constrained

Richard Green, Author & Former Chickasaw Nation Historian
The only government the Chickasaws had in place was an appointed governor, as the legislature and judiciary were abolished.

Abolishment Averted: A Drive for Revitalizaton

Richard Green
Before the intent to abolish tribal governments could be acted upon, there were Indian movements pressing for their rights.

January 1, 2011 – Original Chickasaw Capitol Restored

Chickasaw Nation News
Located in Tishomingo, Okla., the original Chickasaw Capitol building was built in the latter half of the 19th century.

Our Capitol in Tishomingo

Dr. Amanda Cobb-Greetham
On November 17, 1898, the new Chickasaw National Capitol was dedicated in Tishomingo, Indian Territory (the future Oklahoma).