When the Revolutionary War erupted, the Chickasaws perceived the conflict as "brothers fighting brothers." Many tribes were forced to choose a side, but Britain had been an ally and trading partner for over a century, and the Chickasaws counted many Revolutionaries as friends. However, the Chickasaw leader Payamataha refused to fight for or against either side. He worked tirelessly for peace because he believed the continent could be shared by sovereign Indian nations, Britain and colonials alike, and that their shared interest in trade was the key to ending the bloodshed. Steadfast in his beliefs, Payamataha would succeed beyond all expectations, uniting ally and enemy tribes in his quest for peace.