Removal Treaty: Self-Governance and Title

Stephen H. Greetham

In 1830, the Choctaw Nation agreed to relocate its people to west of the Mississippi River but insisted on maintaining the sovereign-nation status they had enjoyed since colonial times. In the 1830 Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, a homeland-for-homeland swap took effect that guaranteed the Choctaw people self-governance and full ownership and title over their new lands.

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