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The Tragedy of Broken Trust

Promises were broken and generations of Chickasaws are affected
“The Tragedy of Broken Trust” recounts a side of American history that isn’t taught in schools.

The Tragedy of Broken Trust

The effects of this era of federal control over the tribal governments reverberate today
“The Tragedy of Broken Trust” recounts a side of American history that isn’t taught in schools, a story of broken promises.

Woodland Era

Technological advancements such as pottery and weaponry expanded during this time
Our Chickasaw ancestors resided in the valleys of the Mississippi, Tennessee and Tombigbee River.

Continued European Expansion in the Americas

The Age of Exploration continues to affect the Chickasaw way of life
Spain, France and England each competed for their stake in the new world.

Trade Relationship Grows

The movement of goods between Carolina traders and the Chickasaws increase
The English in the Carolina colony were aware of the French claims and explorations in the Mississippi Valley, and eagerly pushed west.

The Natchez Rebellion

The Natchez would no longer abide the acts of the French
The French, along with their Choctaw allies, besieged the Natchez in forts built near the site of the Grand Village of the Natchez.

Augusta Conference

More than 700 tribes attended to discuss the encroachment of traders and settlers onto their lands
Word of the Royal Proclamation had not yet reached the North American continent.

Battle of Fallen Timbers

Occurred near present-day Toledo, Ohio, on August 20, 1794
Chickasaws fought as allies of the United States under General “Mad” Anthony Wayne against Native Americans of the old Northwest Territory.

Mississippi Territory

Designated as the land above the 31st parallel and the Mississippi River
While the Treaty of San Lorenzo was signed in 1795, the Spanish didn’t relinquish control of this land until March 1798.

Setting the Stage for Removal

President Andrew Jackson considers options for a new Native American policy
By 1815, as Americans continued intruding onto tribal lands, the U.S. needed more land for its citizens.

Land Run and Its Effects

Marked an increase in non-Indian settlement and led to statehood for Oklahoma
On April 22, 1889, thousands of non-Indians left the town of Purcell and rushed to claim their 160-acre tracts in the "unassigned lands" to the north.

Legislation and the Choate Case

A landmark land and taxation legal ruling for the Chickasaw Nation
In November of 1910, Congress acted to sell a portion of the unallotted land, which included 750,000 acres of Chickasaw land.

Termination Policy

A new decision to completely assimilate Native Americans into the general population
A 1943 survey of reservations throughout the U.S. showed the extreme poverty of much of the Indian population. The BIA and others were blamed.

First American Indian in Space

Astronaut John Herrington embarks on the sixteenth Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station
John Herrington became the first enrolled member of a Native American tribe to fly in space.

Indian Trade and Intercourse Act

The first law to regulate trade between Native Americans and colonists
One of the initial acts passed by the first U.S. Congress was the Indian Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790.

Douglas H. Johnston Elected As Governor

The first governor of the Chickasaw people to be appointed by the president of the United States
Douglas H. Johnston became governor of the Chickasaw Nation in 1898. He served as governor from 1898-1900, 1900-1902, 1904-1906, and 1906-1939.

Benjamin Overton Elected As Governor

Known for his no-nonsense attitude and advocacy for the improvement of Chickasaw education
Benjamin Overton became governor of the Chickasaw Nation in 1874. He served as governor from 1874-1876, 1876-1878, 1880-1882, and 1882-1884.

Treaty with the Chickasaw, 1832 (also known as Treaty of Pontitock Creek)

Relinquished Chickasaw lands in exchange for suitable land west of the Mississippi River
The Treaty relinquished Chickasaw lands east of the Mississippi River in exchange for a promise to find suitable land west of the Mississippi River.

Chickasaw Headquarters in Ada

A new central location for the Chickasaw Nation's seat of government
An increase in federal grants became available with the passage of the 1975 Act, just as the Chickasaws were outgrowing their tribal headquarters.

Treaty with the Choctaw and Chickasaw, 1837 (also known as Treaty of Doaksville)

A treaty with the Choctaw Nation that would lead to trying times for the Chickasaw people
A group of five Chickasaw leaders journeyed to the Choctaw Nation and persuaded the Choctaw leaders to relinquish some of their western land.
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