Two Treaties, One Message: Move West

Neal McCaleb, Ambassador At-Large, Chickasaw Nation

Neal McCaleb, Ambassador At-Large for the Chickasaw Nation, recounts that the Choctaw tribe signed the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830, agreeing to surrender their homelands east of the Mississippi River in exchange for land in Indian Territory. In 1832, the Chickasaw Nation signed the Treaty of Pontitock, also agreeing to remove to Indian Territory.


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Last to Remove: Chickasaws Were in Charge

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While the government allowed 30 pounds of personal property to be taken with each person upon removal, the Chickasaw each averaged 450 pounds.

Historical Focus of Chickasaw Removal

Dr. Daniel Littlefield
Dr. Littlefield’s book, "Chickasaw Removal", frames a span of time from 1820 to 1856.

The Drive for Removal Begins with Jefferson

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The Mississippi legislature was relentless about pushing for removal, and President Andrew Jackson was a leading proponent.

Chickasaw Removal: The Treaty of Pontitock

Richard Green
In 1832, the Chickasaws signed the Treaty of Pontitock with the U.S., agreeing to vacate their homeland.

Treaties Maintain Sovereignty

Experience Chickasaw History
In 1855 and again in 1866, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the rights and stipulations outlined in the 1830 Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek.

Events Leading Up to Removal

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National security concerns after the War of 1812 led the federal government to want control over the Indian lands along the Gulf Coast.

Chickasaws: Signatories to the Choctaw Removal Treaty

Stephen H. Greetham, Executive Officer & General Counsel, Chickasaw Nation
Stephen Greetham describes the circumstances that led the Chickasaws to sign the Choctaw Removal Treaty, or the 1830 Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek.