Matrilineal Society: Division of Labor

Jeannie Barbour

Jeannie Barbour explains how women were keepers of the land, overseers of work that took place in the fields, gatherers of food and materials. Men were the hunters, warriors and protectors.


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As tribal historian Richard Green relates, Mound civilizations believed their leaders had divine powers.

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Joshua Hinson
Joshua Hinson explains that traditionally, Chickasaw heritage descended solely from the female.

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Jeannie Barbour explains that southeastern tribes share a matrilineal societal organization.

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Not long after removal, the 1887 Dawes Act set the stage for abolishment of the tribes and their domains.

Post-Removal: Restoring Our Strength

Lona Barrick
During the post-removal era, Chickasaws began gathering in groups and eventually in churches.

Next Book: The Dawes Commission

Dr. Daniel Littlefield
Dr. Littlefield looks ahead at his next publication on the Dawes Commission, the creation of the policy and how tribes had to learn to negotiate.