William Blount, U.S. Governor of the Territory South of the Ohio River and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, called for a council meeting of leaders from the Chickasaw, Cherokee, Choctaw and Muscogee (Creek) tribes. Blount stated that unlike the Spanish, the Americans abided by the Hopewell Treaty and did not want to claim tribal lands.
When Alexander McGillivray, a Muscogee (Creek) mixed-blood and Spanish agent, heard this, he tried to weaken the power and allegiance of Chickasaw leader Piominko to the United States – thereby forcing all Chickasaws to unite under Spanish allegiance. However, McGillivray’s plan failed.