Indians Defrauded by Guardians

Neal McCaleb

Updates to the General Allotment Act allowed the Secretary of the Interior to declare tribal members “non compos mentis” or “not of sound mind,” requiring these members be assigned guardians. Indians found themselves defrauded by their so-called guardians, often losing the land allotted to them. However, the Oklahoma Enabling Act of 1906 provided a glimmer of hope for tribal members. While it positioned the Oklahoma and Indian territories to come together for statehood, its first section required that the citizens of the new state forever disclaim to interfere with tribal rights and prosperity.


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