Born in 1868, Charles Carter grew up to be an active Chickasaw in the U.S. government. He was even appointed as a mining trustee of Indian Territory by President William McKinley.
Carter grew up in both Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, but ended up serving the Chickasaw Nation exclusively. He held various roles in the Nation, from auditor of public accounts to the superintendent of schools. In 1906 he served as the secretary of the first Democratic Party Executive Committee before Oklahoma achieved statehood.
After Oklahoma's transformation into statehood, Carter was the first person to represent Oklahoma's Fourth District in the U.S. House of Representatives. He served in Congress until 1927.
After losing his seat in Congress in 1927, Carter returned to Oklahoma, where he served on the Oklahoma Highway Commission until his death in 1929.