Oklahoma Statehood: U.S. and The Five Tribes

April 28, 1897 in Indian Territory

Recognizing that further resistance would be futile, the Chickasaw and Choctaw became the first of the five tribes to voluntarily agree to abolish tribal government and ownership of land. By 1902, the other three tribes — Cherokees, Seminoles and Creeks — had followed suit, opening all of Indian Territory to white settlement. (Both tribal government and communal ownership of land were made legal again in 1934 when the Dawes Act was rescinded.)

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