Matriarchs

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Chickasaw matriarchal leaders stand strong with the core tribal values passed from generation to generation. They are the keepers of the stories. They are the guardians of tradition – the foundation of the family. Explore their stories – a testament to the surviving spirit of the nation.

Matrilineal Society: Division of Labor

Jeannie Barbour

Jeannie Barbour explains how women were keepers of the land, overseers of work that took place in the fields, gatherers of food and materials. Men were the hunters, warriors and protectors.

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Related Videos

8 Videos

Post-Removal: Restoring Our Strength

Lona Barrick
During the post-removal era, Chickasaws began gathering in groups and eventually in churches.

The Five Tribes: Matrilineal Societies

Jeannie Barbour
Jeannie Barbour explains that southeastern tribes share a matrilineal societal organization.

The Mounds: Built for Divine Leaders

Richard Green
As tribal historian Richard Green relates, Mound civilizations believed their leaders had divine powers.

Next Book: The Dawes Commission

Dr. Daniel Littlefield
Dr. Littlefield looks ahead at his next publication on the Dawes Commission, the creation of the policy and how tribes had to learn to negotiate.

Clan Systems in a Matrilineal Society

LaDonna Brown, Tribal Anthropologist, Department of History & Culture, Chickasaw Nation
LaDonna Brown explains how the clan system provided a societal structure for the southeastern tribes.

The Dawes Commission

Richard Green, Author & Former Chickasaw Nation Historian
Not long after removal, the 1887 Dawes Act set the stage for abolishment of the tribes and their domains.

The Three Sisters: A Hallmark of Indian Tables

Experience Chickasaw History and Culture
LaDonna Brown describes the components of mound sites, where the inhabitants planted large fields with corn, beans and squash.

Descending from Clans: A Matrilineal Society

Joshua Hinson
Joshua Hinson explains that traditionally, Chickasaw heritage descended solely from the female.