Our ancestors and the events that have shaped our past tell us who we are and where we are going. The challenges and triumphs of our shared history continue to forge who we are today as our proud Chickasaw culture continues to flourish. Begin your journey here.
Oklahoma’s unique history as Indian Territory spurs legislation designed to nullify tribal governments and pave the way for statehood in 1907, yet tribal rights are retained in the new constitution. For the next 60+ years, U.S. Indian policy vacillates between assimilation, terminating tribal rights and finding ways to “manage” tribes.
In the Supplemental Agreement Act to the General Allotment Act of 1902, each member of the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes was allotted 320 acres.
In early 1905, James Norman, a Cherokee, began a separate statehood movement for Indian Territory.
Although Peter Maytubby was elected in 1906, he never officially took office.
Congress approved House Resolution 5976, which paved the way for Oklahoma's statehood the following year.
In 1906 Congress passed the Enabling Act, which provided for a draft of a constitution for a single state made up of Oklahoma and Indian Territory.
On November 16, 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed Oklahoma a state.
August 25th, 2015
“The Tragedy of Broken Trust” recounts a side of American history that isn’t taught in schools, a story of broken promises.
In November of 1910, Congress acted to sell a portion of the unallotted land, which included 750,000 acres of Chickasaw land.
This Act, also known as the Snyder Act, was named in honor of Representative Homer P. Snyder of New York. It granted Indians full U.S. citizenship.
The Wheeler-Howard Bill became known as the Indian Reorganization Bill or IRA. It was proposed by the new Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
While Governor Johnston had generally supported Collier’s Indian Reorganization Act, that Act tended to favor the Southwestern Indians.
Governor Johnston, the last chief executive of the Five Tribes elected by his people, died on June 28, 1939.
Floyd Maytubby was appointed governor of the Chickasaw Nation in 1939. He served as governor from 1939-1963.
A 1943 survey of reservations throughout the U.S. showed the extreme poverty of much of the Indian population. The BIA and others were blamed.
In 1963, the Chickasaws began to pressure the federal programs to provide social and economic services.
E.B. Maytubby was appointed governor of the Chickasaw Nation in 1963. He served as governor from May 1963 to October 1963.
Overton James became governor of the Chickasaw Nation in 1963. He served as governor from 1963-1987.
The late 1960s was a period of unrest for many in the United States, including American Indians, many of whom felt they were not being treated fairly.