History Timeline

The Life and Times of the Chickasaw People

Explore the rich historical timeline of the Chickasaws from the nation’s roots to its present day existence. From the early days of European discovery to the dark periods of settler encroachment, the Chickasaws emerged a stronger nation, one that would once again gain sovereignty in later years. Today, in the days of our creative renaissance, the Chickasaw Nation is flourishing once again.

Treaty of Hopewell

January 10, 1786

The Treaty of Hopewell refers to three different treaties signed at Andrew Pickens’ Hopewell Plantation. The Hopewell Plantation was located in northwestern South Carolina, on the Seneca River. The three treaties were formal agreements between the United States and the Cherokee, Choctaw and Chickasaw peoples.

The third Hopewell Treaty, which related to the Chickasaws, was signed on January 10, 1786. This treaty was signed by U.S. representatives Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, Joseph Martin and the Chickasaw tribe. This final Treaty of Hopewell allotted a new boundary line to the Chickasaw Nation, along with certain other provisions.

The 1786 Treaty of Hopewell that the Chickasaw tribe took part in read: “The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America give peace to the Chickasaw People, and receive them into the favor and protection of the said States …” This treaty went on to list certain terms for the Chickasaw people, including special provisions for trade, protection from the United States, a guarantee that U.S. citizens would not settle on Indian lands and that the Chickasaws should give notice to the U.S. government should they become aware of any known plans against the U.S.

The overall theme of the Treaty of Hopewell was an agreement of new boundary lines for the Native American tribes, peace and perpetual friendship with the United States.